Relative age dating definition

They serve as diagnostics of date, rather than characterizing the people or the society.Lithic analysis is a major and specialised form of archaeological investigation.The transition from the Stone Age to the Bronze Age was a period during which modern people could smelt copper, but did not yet manufacture bronze, a time known as the Copper Age, or more technically the Chalcolithic, "copper-stone" age.

In experimental archaeology, researchers attempt to create replica tools, to understand how they were made.The work of the archaeologist in determining the paleocontext and relative sequence of the layers is supplemented by the efforts of the geologic specialist in identifying layers of rock over geologic time, of the paleontological specialist in identifying bones and animals, of the palynologist in discovering and identifying plant species, of the physicist and chemist in laboratories determining dates by the carbon-14, potassium-argon and other methods.Study of the Stone Age has never been mainly about stone tools and archaeology, which are only one form of evidence.The date range of this period is ambiguous, disputed, and variable according to the region in question.While it is possible to speak of a general 'stone age' period for the whole of humanity, some groups never developed metal-smelting technology, so remained in a 'stone age' until they encountered technologically developed cultures.

Relative age dating definition